Martin Luther king Jr. is amongst America’s celebrated clergyman and human rights activists. He was the de facto leader of the African-American civil rights movement. Born in January 15, 1929, he rose from simple humble backgrounds to a respected clergyman and historical icon. As a young man growing up the during the times of the great American racial segregation period martin grow up every day of his life with a soft spot for humanity and equality. His own father was a local pastor at the Baptist church and helped mentor the young Luther to the ways of the scripture. Little did he know that it was his first accent to the political and social war of America’s progressivism and civil disobedience through non violent means?
As a minister of the Baptist church in American state of Tuskegee he led the 1955 famous Montgomery Bus boycott which was a first attempt of curbing racism and equity to humanity in public transport vehicles. These followed an incidence where American Negroes were not allowed to share public vehicles with their white’s counterparts. In one incidence where one of their own Rosa Lee Park was arrested because she could not offer her seat to a white traveler due to health reasons. She was later arrested for breaking rules which during the time were set by Jim Cross. It was an offence to use public toilets or entrances to public amenities which were designated for whites only. The boycott was followed by a series of several others in an attempt to liberate civil rights and recognition. This boycott was to last 382 days until the ban was uplifted.
He was a pastor of the Dexter Baptist church and a strong vocalist for freedom. The quest for racial liberation was not without its cost as the police replied to the demonstrations with excessive force. Martin never tired was soon re-energized more in the struggle for liberation against racial segregation. He soon organized the March 1963 peaceful demonstration in Washington in which he delivered his renowned speech “I have a dream” and established his reputation as one of America’s greatest orator of all time. He expanded his vision for liberation to include the liberation against poverty and also focused on the Vietnam War. This was later termed as “poor people’s campaign” He was to develop himself into radical human rights figure that he soon became the subject of investigation of the FBI as a possible communist agent. His house and property was destroyed. This did not however deter him from achieving his goals of civil liberations and independence.
He was amongst the youngest laureates to receive the Nobel Peace for combating and addressing racial inequality through peaceful means and non violence. He was soon after that to spread his demonstrations to the whole of America. His greatest inspiration was Mahatma Gandhi who addressed the British colonialist and the peaceful fight for independence. He believed in strong moral values as a guide towards social liberation and independence. Luther king Jr. was a renowned socialist and he was straight in tackling issues and the politics of liberation. He believed the empowerment of the people instead of the power of corruption and that the main reason why his activism was without a political motive. Martin Luther king was assassinated on April, 1964 in the state of Memphis as he was on a trip to organize for more demonstrations all over the cities of the United States. His alleged assassinator James Earl Ray was linked as having been linked to state machinery. His death was characterized by a series of riots all over America. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of freedom and a martin Luther king, a day was established in America to mark the historic moment in racial liberation and celebrate the greatest Hero in American history. A memorial stature was also erected in his honor and his late home turned in to a historic hub where echoes of freedom are still heard beyond this fallen hero thus Martin Luther King still remains an icon of inspiration to me and many.